Home   About Us   Armormax Architectural Armor    Design Criteria   The Doors   Reinforcement   A Look Inside


Ballistic Level
Design Criteria

As with all construction, the design of a Panic Room responds to particular criteria, in this case relating to the level of risk that is anticipated. The design must also respond to such practical matters as costs and available space. There may be a difference between the design of a Safe Room for an important leader and that of an fearing individual. A modest Panic Room may be resistant to handguns and physical attack only, whereas a more elaborate Panic Room may be designed to resist greater forces such as chemicals and gases.

The end user(s) of the Panic Room meet with one of our security consultants to evaluate the potential risks at the specific location where the Panic Room is to be located.

Once the level of risk has been determined by the Security Consultant, a set of design criteria can be established. Typically an Architect is then called in to provide the detail design and documentation of the Panic Room itself.

In the case of the double-function Panic Room, security features, including bullet-resistance, sound-proofing and surveillance equipment, are built into the room as required. The room is then designed and finished normally around the protective features. An Architect plays an important role in disguising the security features, and integrating them into the design.

Because closets tend to be relatively small, they can be a relatively economic space for conversion. However, if an attack is prolonged, an end user who suffers from claustrophobia may find the size of the enclosed space to be as troubling. Bathrooms are another common room that does double-duty as a Panic Room. Bathrooms also have the advantage of having water and other plumbing fixtures that may be beneficial during prolonged occupancy.
Safe Rooms - Panic Rooms Construction & Features:
Walls and Ceilings: Wall construction spanning directly from floor to ceiling is often favoured because of the structural continuity of the framing. Where construction does not include concrete floors, ceilings can be constructed similar to stud walls. In all cases it is important not to overlook penetrations that may be made for light fixtures, power points or plumbing pipes. Ductwork passing through protected walls should also be carefully considered to ensure that the security is not breached, or that poisonous gasses are not forced into the Panic Room by this route.
Floors: Concrete floors are ideal.

Doors: Doors are one of the most critical and complicated aspects of the Panic room.
Sound Insulation: Effective sound insulation will limit the ability for unwanted communication between the client and attacker. It will also prevent the intruders from hearing phone or radio conversations carried out by the occupant with security or police forces.
A well designed Panic Room should have the following extras included:
Cameras and monitors: This is for the occupant to view what the attackers are doing outside as well as see how many attackers the occupant is faced with.
Gas Masks: Some Panic rooms are not built to keep gases out of them and some attackers may use this knowledge to their advantage.
Bottled water and perishable food: These items are important when one is stuck in this kind of situation.
Ventilation: Fresh air is important when trapped inside a room for a number of hours.
Radio communication: This may either be in the form of a radio or cellular telephone to contact the police or get help.